Título

EFFECTS OF ETHANOL ON FILM THICKNESS AND FRICTION OF GROUP ONE ENGINE OILS

DOI

10.5151/1472-5836-25660

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Resumo

This paper aims to investigate the effects of a possible incorporation of ethanol to the lubricant during engine use on friction and lubricant film thickness, by adding small amounts of ethanol to Group I base (with and without an organic friction modifier) and to formulated oils. Film thickness was measured using ultrathin film interferometry. Friction tests were carried out using a mini-traction machine to obtain Stribeck curves. The film thickness measurements showed that in the region of low speeds, where the elastohydrodynamic film is very thin and therefore boundary lubrication may prevail, the addition of ethanol produced some boundary film, which was not present for the base oils. For the base oil with an organic friction modifier, the presence of ethanol increased the thickness of the low friction boundary film. For the formulated oil, the addition of ethanol reduced film thickness in all lubrication regimes. The friction tests showed some friction reduction due to addition of ethanol to the base oil, in particular at low speeds. For the formulated oil, the addition of ethanol reduced friction at high speeds, which was associated to a reduction in the viscosity of the lubricant, but at low speeds, the presence of ethanol reduced the formation of a boundary layer, increasing friction. For the base oil containing an organic friction modifier, the presence of ethanol increased the range of speeds for which low boundary friction occurred.

 

Palavras-chave

Ethanol; Lubricant; Engine oil; Film thickness; Stribeck curves

Como citar

Henara Lillian Costa; Hugh Spikes. EFFECTS OF ETHANOL ON FILM THICKNESS AND FRICTION OF GROUP ONE ENGINE OILS , p. 3946-3958. In: 2nd International Brazilian Conference on Tribology, Foz do Iguaçu - Brasil, 2014.
ISSN: - , DOI 10.5151/1472-5836-25660