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ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANT OIL EVOLUTION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY PROSPECTING

DOI

10.5151/1472-5836-25751

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Resumo

The lubricant oil is a complex mixture of different basestocks and additives. Engine oils evolved from the use of pure mineral basestocks back in the early years of automotive industry to the advent of synthetic, fully formulated, low ash lubricants. This evolution was driven by a number of factors, such as new engine designs, extended durability needs, increased fuel economy needs, environmental concerns, feedstock prices and availability and legal issues. This paper uses technology prospecting on literature and patents databases to allow an investigation on the historical evolution of engine oils. Main basestocks (mineral, hydrotreated, polyalphaolefins, esters) and additives (antioxidants, antiwear, friction modifiers, detergents and dispersants) are characterized according to their research effort. Technology prospecting data is crosschecked against the evolution of engine oil classes, allowing an analysis of how the main drivers push the development of lubricant oil quality. A research effort was identified in late 1990’s until mid-2000’s and related to the adoption of chemical limits for lubricants. Different patterns for the articles and patents publication account for the high value technological knowledge has in this industry. Technology prospecting is seen as a useful methodology for the understanding and forecast of lubricant technology movements.

 

Palavras-chave

Lubricant; Base oil; Lubricant additive; Technology prospecting

Como citar

Renata Cristina Teixeira; Eduardo Dominguez Trindade. ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANT OIL EVOLUTION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY PROSPECTING , p. 4079-4089. In: 2nd International Brazilian Conference on Tribology, Foz do Iguaçu - Brasil, 2014.
ISSN: - , DOI 10.5151/1472-5836-25751