Título

CAVITATION EROSION DAMAGE OF METALLIC MATERIALS IN ROTATING DISK TESTING

DOI

10.5151/1472-5836-25384

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Resumo

Present work examines material surface damage by cavitation erosion of metals or the wear phenomenon from water bubbles collapse near the metallic surface. Material surface damage by cavitation erosion is due to wear mechanisms of liquid micro-jets impingement and shock waves. Experimental cavitation in tap water was investigated, using the proposed new design of compact rotating disk equipment. In this device, a rotating disk with cavitation inducers and specimens fixed on it ran in tap water to provide cavitating flow at constant high speed of 47.9 m/s similar to service conditions in pumps and propellers. Two types of cavitation inducers in the rotating disk were investigated: through-holes and pins. Carburized cast iron, aluminum, brass and bronze specimens were tested in this device. The cavitation damage mechanisms were observed by scanning electron microscope. Surface damage in the specimens was measured by mass loss and plotted in graphs of mass loss versus running time. After 25 hours testing, the specimens surface showed pitting formation and mass loss. All specimens presented surface damage: pit diameter size was about 100 or 150 to 300 micron. In aluminum specimen, damages by burned pit formation and plastic deformation could be seen, however, the mass loss was lower than the expected, possibly due to alumina film formation. Present equipment had quite good test reproducibility when compared with results from literature.

 

Palavras-chave

Cavitation testing; Cavitation erosion; Non-ferrous metals; Scanning electron microscope

Como citar

José Divo Bressan; Marcos Antunes Klemz; Gil Bazanini. CAVITATION EROSION DAMAGE OF METALLIC MATERIALS IN ROTATING DISK TESTING , p. 3748-3759. In: 2nd International Brazilian Conference on Tribology, Foz do Iguaçu - Brasil, 2014.
ISSN: - , DOI 10.5151/1472-5836-25384