11th International Rolling Conference (IRC 2019) — vol. 11, num.11 (2019)
Since 2016 Gerdau Ouro Branco has been producing steel plates of various qualities and grades. However, it was not until 2018 that the first plates produced by accelerated cooling process were made available for external testing, in this case for large diameter UOE pipes manufacturing. Recent line pipe and OCTG specifications are showing that the oil and gas market still consumes regular API grades, such as X60, X65 and X70, however with increasing wall thicknesses, reaching values up to 1,5 inches. These specifications also demand longitudinal and transverse tensile guarantees and drop weight tear tests in temperatures as low as -40°C. Projects with these types of mechanical properties present process requirements as challenging as those necessary for higher API grades in lower thicknesses. This paper shows the steel design concepts and rolling routes for achieving the necessary properties for X70 steel plates in 28,15 mm. The microstructural features were also investigated and associated with the production process and the tensile and toughness results. Finally, challenges such as tensile anisotropy and DWTT abnormal fracture are presented.
Steel plates, API X70, thermomechanical controlled process.
Matsubara, Daniel Bojikian;
Silva, Carlos Noberto Paula da;
Reis, Emanuelle Garcia;
Fraga, Rafael Abreu;
Pereira, Maurício Martins;
Silva, Afonso Cardoso da.
DEVELOPMENT OF STEEL PLATES FOR API X70 LINE PIPES IN GERDAU OURO BRANCO
In: 11th International Rolling Conference (IRC 2019),
ISSN: - , DOI 10.5151/9785-9785-32289