Título

EFFECT OF SIZE NODULE GRAPHITE ON THE WEAR RESISTANCE OF ADI: A FINITE ELEMENT STUDY

DOI

10.5151/1472-5836-25314

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Resumo

First, this works carries an experimental evaluation for austempered ductile iron (ADI) as a gear material. And second, in order to provide a better understanding of the microstructural effect on the stress state of subsurface regions, a finite element method approach was considered using the submodeling tool in ANSYS 11.0. For this, ADI gears were produced from continuous cast iron bars, heat and thermochemical treated and tested in FZG test rig. The results were compared to those of carburized steel AISI 8620 and induction hardened steel AISI 4140 gears. The wear experiments were performed at the temperature of 90ºC with two torque stages: 135 N.m (running-in) and 302 N.m (steady-state). The time for pitting and spalling on the gears surfaces were measured using image analysis. The results showed a very good potential of using ADI for manufacturing gears, replacing induction hardened steels. Also, the ADI gear with smaller nodules showed higher life for pitting. In contact fatigue tests with severe load, the carburized AISI 8620 steel proved more adequate than the austempered ductile iron, showing that the mechanical properties are critical in the resistance to damage in gear contact. The austempered ductile iron with smaller nodule size showed to be very competitive with wear resistance similar to AISI 4140 steel induction hardened. With ANSYS, it was verified that the nodule size affects the gears life independently of the mechanical properties of the matrix. The results showed that the nodules indicate the presence of a concentration stress, but their size doesn’t affect the contact fatigue life as much as the total amount of nodules, regardless of the ductile iron microstructure. The size and number of nodules affects both the nucleation and the propagation stage of cracks. ADIs with higher amount of nodules have a greater wear resistance. Also, compared to the Hertz contact theory (isotropic material), the presence of graphite nodules indicates a non-isotropic material and made the maximum shear stress point moves toward the surface.

 

Palavras-chave

Fatigue contact; Austempered ductile iron; Gear; Finite element analysis

Como citar

Luiz Henrique Accorsi Gans; Jairo Alberto Blanco Martinez; Fábio Koda; Wilson Luiz Guesser; Carlos Henrique da Silva. EFFECT OF SIZE NODULE GRAPHITE ON THE WEAR RESISTANCE OF ADI: A FINITE ELEMENT STUDY , p. 3687-3706. In: 2nd International Brazilian Conference on Tribology, Foz do Iguaçu - Brasil, 2014.
ISSN: - , DOI 10.5151/1472-5836-25314