Título

GLOBAL IMPACT OF FRICTION ON ENERGY USE IN TRANSPORTATION AND INDUSTRY

DOI

10.5151/1472-5836-25526

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Resumo

About 100 million terajoule is used annually worldwide to overcome friction and that is one fifth of all energy produced. The largest quantities of energy are used by industry (29%) and in transportation (27%). Based on our recent studies on energy use in passenger cars, trucks and buses, we concluded that it is possible to save as much as 17.5% of the energy use in road transports in the short term (5-9 years) by effective implementation of new tribological solutions. This equals to annual energy savings of 11.6 exajoules, fuel savings of 330 billion liters and reduction in CO2 emission by 860 million tonnes. In a paper mill, 15-25% of the energy used is spent to overcome friction. The electrical energy used by a paper machine is distributed as 32% to overcome friction, 36% for the paper production and mass transportation, and 32% is other losses. In paper machines, 11% of the total energy used to overcome friction can be saved by the implementation of new tribological technologies. This would result in electrical energy savings worldwide of 130,000 terajoule, economic cost savings of 2 billion euros and CO2 emission reduction of 11 million tonnes annually. An overview of the total energy saving potential by improved tribology in transportation and industry is presented.

 

Palavras-chave

Friction; Energy; Lubrication; Transportation

Como citar

Kenneth Holmnerg; Ali Erdemir. GLOBAL IMPACT OF FRICTION ON ENERGY USE IN TRANSPORTATION AND INDUSTRY , p. 3867-3878. In: 2nd International Brazilian Conference on Tribology, Foz do Iguaçu - Brasil, 2014.
ISSN: - , DOI 10.5151/1472-5836-25526